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Glass in the Roman Empire

ancient glass from Roman Empire Big revolution in a glass making was made by opening of a method of blowing of glass. It occurred during the period between 27 g BC and 14 g AD. The innovation is attributed to the Syrian masters living in the district of Babylon. The thin metal tube which has a little changed since then was applied to blowing of glass. This method allowed to diversify forms of glass vessels significantly.

In 1 century AD the glass making got from Egypt to Italy and then extended across all Roman Empire. Rome becomes the largest center a glass making , there are numerous workshops in Spain, Gallia (modern France), the Southern Britain, Germany and on the northern coast of the Black Sea in the territory of modern Ukraine.

In the last century BC glass making intensively developed in the Roman Empire. ancient jug of Roman Empire Romans started using glass in the architectural purposes, especially after discovery of transparent glass by introduction in molten glass manganese oxide (about 1 eyelid BC in Alexandria).

At a turn of an old and new era in Rome there were first glass windows. And though then they differed bad optical properties, they were considered as a luxury sign. Cicero spoke: "Is poor what dwelling isn't decorated with glass".

With falling of the Western Roman Empire (476 g) and emergence on its ruins of the barbarous German states, glass making in Western Europe falls into decay, and its center moves to the new capital of the world Constantinople.

Having founded the new capital in Byzantium, the Roman emperor Konstantin very much cared of its ornament and moved there handicraftsmen and artists from Rome, attracting them with various privileges. Many categories of handicraftsmen, and glass making (silverer, masters of mosaic) among them, were exempted from taxes. Constantinople kept the taking priority situation in a glass making throughout many centuries. The Byzantine color mosaic with which numerous churches of Italy and Greece are decorated is especially widely known. This mosaic is called "The Greek glass".

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